Welcome to the September 2010 edition of The Director's Dilemma newsletter. I hope you find it interesting, informative and inspiring.

I advise Boards and Directors on complex and challenging issues which can be resolved in a variety of ways. Each way has different pros and cons for the individuals and companies concerned. Every month this newsletter considers several responses to a real issue. Which response would you choose?

"Steven is a consultant in a specific industry. Some months ago he was asked to join the board of a company in his industry that was planning an IPO. The company had been advised that, as the founder wished to become Executive Chairman, credible non executive directors would be required to provide independence in the boardroom.

The business model appeared sound and due diligence produced no cause for alarm. The other two well known and respected NEDs came from outside the industry and had impressive board portfolios. Steven was pleased and flattered to have been given this opportunity as it was his first listed company experience.

At the first Board meeting after listing the Executive Chairman invited the Board to a small celebration of the IPO and to enjoy the views from the company apartment. Steven was mystified; there had been no apartment lease or deed in any of the due diligence. On asking he was informed that it had been leased after the funds were raised. The NEDs were concerned as no mention of a lease had been made in the prospectus and renting a luxury apartment was a seeming misuse of company resources.

The discussion became heated with the Executive Chairman insisting he would run the company as he saw fit and that the NEDs were there to placate the analysts not to interfere with his decision-making. He stated that, as he lived out of town and stayed in hotels when visiting head office, the apartment would be cheaper in the long run and could be used by other staff as well. This may be true but Steven does not want to be associated with a board where an executive signs material leases without proper authority. The other NEDs are similarly concerned. Resigning now will leave the shareholders without representation, remaining as 'figure heads' is not to their liking, but, if they fire the Executive Chairman, there is no apparent successor.

What should Steven do?"

John's Answer

A difficult situation, but one which is not totally uncommon!

Anyway, the key question is whether the Executive Chairman controls a majority of the shares and therefore can control the Board. If he does, then the only option open to Steven is to resign as he must consider his own integrity and not be associated with something that, from the information available, is not in the best interests of the business. However, as this has been an IPO, it is quite possible that the Chairman is not the majority shareholder.

As such, the first thing I would check is the authority levels for any transaction such as signing a material lease to discover whether the Executive Chairman has operated outside his level of authority as it would be fairly normal to have to get Board (or sub committee) approval for such transactions. I would then suggest, whether his authority level has been breached or not, a private chat with the Executive Chairman needs to take place to explain the difficult position this puts Steven in. As often occurs away from the more public arena of a Board meeting, good sense could well prevail.

We also need to recognise that the lease has been signed and is unlikely to be able to be reversed on this occasion. If all of this fails, then Steven and the other NED's should raise the problem as an agenda item at the next Board meeting where their position is minuted and made clear to the Chairman. If he doesn't back down and recognise that the signing of the lease was inappropriate, Steven and the NED's will need to consider their position going forward.

John Miskelly is a corporate finance Partner at FGS McClure Watters in Belfast, United Kingdom.

Julie's Answer

Due diligence is more than checking the business model, contracts and financial information!

Steven is in a bind because he didn't get to know the key people and went blithely into an organisation with HR risks, succession planning, and key person reliance untested. He needs to listen to his NED colleagues; they are more experienced and may have some good ideas. He should get to know his colleagues (including the Executive Chairman) so that he is confident in their judgement.

The Chairman may have a valid point if the costs for the apartment are, indeed, cheaper than the likely hotel costs. As an immediate course of action Steven can insist upon the Board receiving a business case (including assessment of tax implications) for the lease. The Board can review this business case and, if appropriate, decide to ratify the decision or to cancel the lease (paying any costs incurred).

The Chairman must support the Board taking this course of action. Lack of support would indicate that he is unlikely to act in accordance with the Board's delegated authority in future. That would be dangerous and Steven should resign.

It is likely that the Chairman has no desire to be fired or see this matter raised at an AGM and will be happy to prove his good judgement and avoid a scandal. In that case, Steven and his fellow NEDs should ensure that the Chairman understands their position of responsibility and his delegated authority levels so that this never reoccurs.

To rebuild the relationships after this strain, it would be good to undertake a strategic planning or other work activity.

Julie Garland McLellan is a specialist board consultant and practising NED based in Sydney.

Barbara's Answer

It is almost scary how often we see alpha males/females in very powerful positions completely lose touch with reality. Without strong guidance, such individuals do not follow company rules and values. Instead, they can act like the rules everyone else is required to follow doesn't apply to them.

The latest example of this - now closely followed by Australian press - is the case of David Jones CEO Mark McInnes over the sexual harassment complaint made against him and the resulting lawsuit. In this issue's dilemma, the root cause of problem is the same.

The NEDs face a difficult choice: resign and leave the shareholders with no representation, or become a "figure head". Certainly not a "win-win" situation.

My advice would be to have the meeting and be ready to resign (as a worst case). The role of a NED is to ensure that company acts with integrity. Being a "figure head" certainly will not be adequate representation of shareholders interests and will be perceived as misleading.

In a speech by CEO Hector Sants entitled "Do regulators have a role to play in judging culture and ethics?" he said the following:

"I believe our role to police behaviour and ensure firms have the right culture, which facilitates the delivery of the outcomes we expect. Regulators can influence this goal by:

  • Ensuring firms hire managers who act with integrity by judging competency but also ensuring they understand the need to and are equipped to act with integrity and deliver the right culture
  • Ensuring firms have the right governance and behavioural framework to facilitate good judgement by their staff, and
  • Assessing the actions against society's wider expectations not just shareholder value."

Full speech at: https://is.gd/efWgp

Barbara Nowak-Rowe is Enterprise Portfolio Manager at Department of Justice and a Director at Leader Group International in Melbourne, Australia.

The opinions expressed above are general in nature and are designed to help you to develop your judgement as a director. They are not a definitive legal ruling. Names and some circumstances have been changed to ensure anonymity. Contributors to this newsletter comment in the context of their own jurisdiction; readers should check their local laws and regulations as they may be very different.

What's new

Book reviews – Directors need to read. It is a great way to learn from other people's experience. This month I have reviewed Talk Like a Winner by Steve Nakamoto.

I have received a review of Dilemmas, Dilemmas; practical case studies for company directors by Bryan Foss. Dilemmas, Dilemmas is now also stocked by the Australian Institute of Management (AIM) and available online or in their bookstore. AFR Boss and Directors and Boards Magazine also published reviews.

Where's Julie? – A few readers manage to catch up with me on my travels and it is such a pleasure to meet them that I now share my travel plans each month.




2 September


Private board workshop on strategy and risk

6 September


Private client meeting

10 September


Private client board induction

15 September


CPA Australia board luncheon

16 September


Chartered Secretaries Public Sector Update Conference

17 September


AICD SME Director Roundtable

17 September


AICD SME Director Roundtable

21 September


International Women's Day event at Intercontinental Hotel

23 September


AICD Company Directors Course Strategy and Risk modules

24 September


Private Client board performance review meeting

25 September


Private client board induction and strategy workshop

29 September


AICD Essential Director Update

4 & 5 October


Private Client two day governance workshop

11 October


Private client meeting

12 October


College of Law workshop on board diversity (morning)

12 October


Chartered Secretaries Public Sector Conference (afternoon)

13 October


AICD Public Sector Conference

16 - 22 October

Washington DC, USA

National Association of Corporate Directors (NACD) conference

Please call or email me if you would like to schedule a meeting or find out more about attending one of these events.

This newsletter – If you have any ideas for improving the newsletter please let me know. If you are reading a forwarded copy please visit my website and sign up for your own subscription. It is (still) free. As an existing subscriber you will continue to receive a free subscription when a charge is introduced this year.

Suggestions for dilemmas – Thank you to all the readers who have suggested dilemmas. I will answer them all eventually.

Farewell until next issue (due 1 October 2010). Enjoy governing your corporations; we are privileged to do what we do!

Best wishes

www.mclellan.com.au | PO Box 97 Killara NSW 2071
email julie@mclellan.com.au | phone +61 2 9499 8700 | mobile +61 411 262 470 | fax +61 2 9499 8711